Permaset Aqua Standard Fabric Ink
Permaset Aqua is a vivid and durable range of water-based screen printing inks perfect for textile printing. Manufactured in Australia, they are 100% solvent free, making equipment easy to clean with water.
Standard inks are semi transparent, so they will give you bright bold colours when printed onto white or light coloured fabric. They are not ideal for printing onto darker coloured fabrics (i.e. yellow standard ink on a black shirt) because the colour of the fabric will show through the print area. See the Permaset Aqua Supercover range of inks for printing onto dark coloured garments and fabrics.
Permaset Aqua delivers pure colour, a superior soft handle and excellent washability in an easy to use, environmentally friendly ink. If you need help experimenting with or understanding how these fabric inks work, we recommend signing up for our Screen Printing Taster or Fabric Printing for Beginners classes for hands-on guidance.
The Permaset Aqua range must be heat set or 'cured' after printing, to ensure it doesn't wash out of your fabric. See below for details on this. It is not the ideal ink for printing onto hard surfaces such as signs, wood or plastics if they will be exposed to water or elements. See instead the Permaprint Premium range of inks if you intend to print onto hard surfaces or items that cannot be heat set.
Suitable Substrates/ Print Surfaces:
Permaset Aqua is ideal for use on a full range of fabrics including Cotton, Polyester, Silk and most synthetics. The unique polymer binding the pigment to the fabric delivers exceptionally soft handle and yet shows excellent resistance to damage by rub, wash and dry-cleaning, all without the need for additives. The ink colours have light-fastness ratings of at least 6/8 on the Blue Wool scale - in fact most of the colours received ratings of 8/8.
Screen meshes between 43T-100T (110-250 TPI) monofilament polyester are suitable for different Permaset Aqua applications. For metallics, phosphorescents, puff and Supercover a 30T mesh may be more suitable, but this will depend on the type of graphic being printed and the fabric surface. For t-shirt printing, normally two pulls of the squeegee using a 43T screen are required when printing. If using stencils, ensure they are water resistant and fully cured before printing. To prevent ink drying out or changing viscosity, flooding between prints is recommended and always replace the lid when not in use.
Permaset Aqua inks will become touch-dry by evaporation over 20-30 minutes depending on the ambient temperature and humidity. In order for the ink to fully cure however (i.e. not rub off or wash out of fabric during washing/dry cleaning), it must be fully heat cured. Check the label on each Permaset ink pot for specific curing instructions, but as a general guide ensure the ink is heated for at least:
2-3 minutes @ 160°C (355°F) - Hand Iron, Cotton Setting or
5-6 minutes @ 140°C (285°F) - Hand Iron, Wool Setting or
8-9 minutes @ 120°C (250°F) - Hand Iron, Wash 'n' Wear Setting
It is also possible to cure ink in an oven or dryer, provided you can mimic similar temperatures and times as listed above.
*Important*: Before attempting any print run, experiment with pieces of test material to check adhesion and water-resistance properties. If using a tunnel drier, run a number of full sized test blanks through, both before and following the test print, to simulate thermal load. Fabrics can burn or singe if heated at too high a temperature, so always test first.
Storage and Handling:
USE ONLY IN A WELL VENTILATED AREA.
Handle according to good industrial hygiene and safety practices. Store in a secure place, out of reach of children. Store in a cool dry place out of direct sunlight and away from sources of heat. Protect from freezing.
Not an inhalation risk. If ingested, immediately rinse mouth out, drink plenty of water and seek medical attention. Repeated or prolonged skin contact may lead to irritation and it is recommended that any skin contact should be avoided by wearing gloves. If contact occurs, wash skin immediately and thoroughly with soap and water.
Safety and Handling:
Permaset Aqua has been formulated to be free of any toxic chemicals. The range has no flash point, and as such is exempt from Flammable Liquids regulations. Comprehensive information on the safety and handling of products in the PermaPrint Premium range of inks and ancillaries is provided in the appropriate Safety Data Sheets (SDS) which are available on request.
Permaset Aqua inks do not contain ozone-depleting chemicals such as CFC's and HCFC's, aromatic hydrocarbons or any volatile solvents. They don't contain lead or any heavy metals. In fact, Permaset Aqua inks do not contain any toxic chemicals at all, Not even white spirits like other water based inks on the market. It passed the Oekotex Class 1 standard (with 60% to spare!) and is safe to use on underwear, swimwear and even baby clothes.